One of the greatest traditions of the Catholic Church is due to the 12 apostles who were ordained by Christ to spread his message. Every month we are going to present a short biography of one of those apostles. We hope that the lesson he taught will be an inspiration to you as they have been to us.
We humbly entreat thy majesty, O Lord, that the blessed apostle Andrew
may be as constant an advocate for us
in Thy court as he was eminent in preaching
and ruling over Thy Church. Amen.
- Collect for the Feast of Saint Andrew
Saint Andrew, the first apostle
The Church celebrates the feast of Saint Andrew on November 30, an important date in the annual liturgical calendar, because it determines the date of the First Sunday of Advent, which is the Sunday nearest this Feast. Saint Andrew is the patron saint fishermen, and of both Scotland and Russia.
Andrew, the first Apostle called by Jesus, was a fisherman from Bethsaida and the brother of Simon Peter. A follower of John the Baptist, Andrew recognized Jesus as the Messiah when John baptized Our Lord in the Jordan River, and he introduced his brother Simon to Jesus. The two brothers continued as fishermen until Jesus called them as Apostles.
After Pentecost, it is believed that Andrew went to Greece to preach the Gospel of Christ Jesus.
Saint Andrew, called the "Protoclet" (or "first called") by the Greeks, was crucified at Achaia by order of Roman Governor Aegeas during the reign of Nero. He was bound, not nailed, to the X-shaped cross in order to prolong his sufferings. According to tradition, he preached from the cross for two days, and died on the third day.
This saint is the patron of Greece and Scotland. Below is a replica of the Great Seal of Saint Andrew, Scotland. The Cross of Saint Andrew, an X shaped cross, is visible in the center.
Prayer for Fishermen
O God, who brought our fathers through the Red Sea
and carried them safely through the deep
as they sang the praises of Thy name,
we humbly beseech Thee
to guard Thy servants aboard ship
and having repelled all adversities,
bring them to the desired port after a calm voyage.
Through Our Lord Jesus Christ,
who lives and reigns with Thee
in unity of the Holy Spirit,
world without end. Amen.
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